Autor do poema Os Lusнadas, uma das obras mais importantes da literatura portuguesa, que celebra os feitos marнtimos e guerreiros de Portugal. Й o maior representante do Classicismo Portuguкs. Em , durante uma epidemia de Peste, em Lisboa, D. Joгo III e a corte transferiram-se para Coimbra, e Simгo, a mulher e o filho, com apenas trкs anos, acompanharam o rei.
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Lisbon , Coimbra or Alenquer are frequently presented as his birthplace, although the latter is based on a disputable interpretation of one of his poems. His mother later remarried.
For a period, due to his familial relations he attended the University of Coimbra , although records do not show him registered he participated in courses in the Humanities. He frequently had access to exclusive literature, including classical Greek, Roman and Latin works; he read Latin and Italian, and wrote poetry in Spanish.
It is also likely that an indiscreet allusion to the king in his play El-Rei Seleuco, as well as these other incidents, may have played a part in his exile from Lisbon in He traveled to the Ribatejo where he stayed in the company of friends who sheltered and fed him. He stayed in the province for about six months. During a battle with the Moors , he lost the sight in his right eye. He returned to Lisbon in , a changed man, living a bohemian lifestyle. His mother pleaded for his release, visiting royal ministers and the Borges family for a pardon.
The ship arrived six months later. He found Goa "a stepmother to all honest men", and he studied local customs and mastered the local geography and history. On his first expedition, he joined a battle along the Malabar Coast. The battle was followed by skirmishes along the trading routes between Egypt and India. The fleet eventually returned to Goa by November During his time ashore, he continued his writing publicly, as well as writing correspondence for the uneducated men of the fleet.
He was charged with managing the properties of missing and deceased soldiers in the Orient. He was later accused of misappropriations and traveled to Goa to respond to the accusations of the tribunal. During his return journey, near the Mekong River along the Cambodian coast, he was shipwrecked, saving his manuscript but losing his Chinese lover, Dinamene. His shipwreck survival in the Mekong Delta was enhanced by the legendary detail that he succeeded in swimming ashore while holding aloft the manuscript of his still-unfinished epic.
Livro Os Lusíadas, de Camões
The work describes the discovery of a sea route to India by Vasco da Gama. The 10 cantos of the poem are in ottava rima and amount to 1, stanzas. The action of the poem begins after an introduction, an invocation, and a dedication to King Sebastian. The voyagers spend several days in Melinde on the east coast of Africa, and, at the request of the king of Melinde, da Gama recounts the entire history of Portugal, from its origins to the inception of their great voyage Cantos III, IV, and V. These cantos contain some of the most compelling passages in the poem. When they reembark, Bacchus tries to arrange the shipwreck of the Portuguese fleet but is prevented by Venus, and da Gama is able to reach his destination, Calicut Kozhikode , now in Kerala state, southwestern India on the Malabar Coast. On their homeward voyage the mariners chance upon the island Venus has created for them, and the nymphs reward them for their labours.
Luнs de Camхes
The path common to both is the green line. The poem consists of ten cantos , each with a different number of stanzas in total. The narration concludes with an epilogue, starting in stanza of canto X. Jupiter says that their history proves it because, having emerged victorious against the Moors and Castilians , this tiny nation has gone on to discover new worlds and impose its law in the concert of the nations. In contrast to the style of lyric poetry, or "humble verse" "verso humilde" , he is thinking about this exciting tone of oratory. Examples of dynamic descriptions include the "battle" of the Island of Mozambique , the battles of Ourique and Aljubarrota , and the storm.
Cesse tudo o que a Musa antiga canta, Que outro valor mais alto se levanta. A obra foi escrita em versos, trata-se de uma grande poesia. Como funciona isso? Quais as principais figuras de linguagem? A obra foi censurada por causa disso? A isso o espectador assiste, aflito. Veja que inusitado!
"Os Lusíadas", de Luís de Camões