Widersprechen sie dem Lustprinzip? Teil II In der psychoanalytischen Therapie jedoch kommt es zu Formen des Wiederholungszwangs, die keineswegs dem Lustprinzip unterstehen. In der Therapie zielt die Wiederholung des Patienten darauf ab, die Behandlung abzubrechen. Die Motive dieses Widerstands sind unbewusst. Also ist das Ich in seinem Kern unbewusst.
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Importance[ edit ] The essay describes humans as struggling between two opposing drives: Eros , which produces creativity, harmony, sexual connection, reproduction, and self-preservation; and the "death drive" what some call "Thanatos" , which brings destruction, repetition, aggression, compulsion, and self-destruction.
In sections IV and V, Freud posits that the process of creating living cells binds energy and creates an imbalance. It is the pressure of matter to return to its original state which gives cells their quality of living. The process is analogous to the creation and exhaustion of a battery.
This pressure for molecular diffusion can be called a "death-wish". The compulsion of the matter in cells to return to a diffuse, inanimate state extends to the whole living organism. Thus, the psychological death-wish is a manifestation of an underlying physical compulsion present in every cell.
Synopsis[ edit ] "Beyond the Pleasure Principle is a difficult text. Building on his article "Recollecting, Repeating and Working Through", Freud highlights how the "patient cannot remember the whole of what is repressed in him, and In spite of that, they are repeated, under pressure of a compulsion".
He thus found his way to his celebrated concept of the death drive , an explanation that some scholars have labeled as "metaphysical biology". Freud insisted that the death had no relation to the contents of the book. You will be able to confirm that it was half ready when Sophie lived and flourished".
The instinct persists in the forms of superego and neurosis. Both Melanie Klein and Lacan were to adopt versions of the death drive in their own theoretical constructs. Lacan for his part considered that "the death drive is only the mask of the symbolic order , in so James Strachey. New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation,
Jenseits des Lustprinzips