These innovations were initially concerned with the inability of athletes to take part successfully in many competitions following a traditional periodization plan. Another important reason was the unsatisfactory progression that athletes were making during multi-targeted mixed training. The prominent coaches and researchers noticed that traditional mixed training produced conflicting training responses and excessive fatigue. At that time, I was working with the USSR canoe-kayak national team, which executed a huge volume of training workloads. A bit later we published the first paper of course in Russian , which afterward was translated into many languages.
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Tests for basic abilities. Accoding to the level of the athlete it means world championships, Olympics, National championships, national junior championships etc. The next step is the dividing of the annual cycle into training stages, where each one contains a consecutive combination of extensive work on basic abilities, more intensive work on sport-specific abilities and the reduction that is accomplished by testing or competition.
From the general point of view these training stages look like miniature annual cycles by including a block resembling the preparatory period, a block resembling the competitive period and ends with tapering. Based on above mentioned considerations, the annual cycle design can be presented as the sequence of the training blocks, where similar aims can be presented as the sequence of more or less autonomous stages, where similar aims can be obtained by means of a partially renewed and qualitatively improved training program Issurin, It should be very important to end the realization phase with some kind of competition to have information about the effect of the training cycle and to monitor the performance.
In case the competition is not possible, it should be substituted with a testing battery, specific for the aims of the training cycle. For example, if the training cycle was targeted to development of maximal power, the testing batery should include maximal power testing. References Issurin, V. J Sports Med Phys Fit, 65— Issurin, V. Sports Med, —
Interview with Vladimir Issurin
Block periodization versus traditional training theory: a review The basis of contemporary training theory were founded a few decades ago when knowledge was far from complete and workload levels, athletic results and demands were much lower than now. Traditional training periodization, i. Further sport progress empha- sized the limitations and drawbacks of traditional periodization with regard to the preparation of contemporary top-level athletes and their demands. Major contradictions between traditional theory and practice needs appeared as 1 an inability to provide multi peak performances during the season; 2 the drawbacks of long lasting mixed training programs; 3 negative interactions of non-compatible workloads that induced conflicting training responses; and 4 insufficient training stimuli to help highly qua- lified athletes to progress, as a result of mixed training. The trials and successful experiences of prominent coaches and researchers led to alternative training concepts and, ultimately, to a reformed training approach that was called block periodization BP.
Block periodization versus traditional training theory: A review
Block Periodization: Breakthrough in Sport Training