ACADEMIC PHRASEBANK 2014 PDF

Pinterest The Academic Phrasebank is a general resource for academic writers. Other phrases are listed under the more general communicative functions of academic writing see the menu on the left. The resource should be particularly useful for writers who need to report their research work. The phrases, and the headings under which they are listed, can be used simply to assist you in thinking about the content and organisation of your own writing, or the phrases can be incorporated into your writing where this is appropriate. In most cases, a certain amount of creativity and adaptation will be necessary when a phrase is used. For some of the entries, specific content words have been included for illustrative purposes, and these should be substituted when the phrases are used.

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Introducingquestions, problems and limitations: theory or argument The main weaknesswith this theory is that … The key problem with this explanation is that … However, this theory does not fully explain why … One criticism of much of the literature on X is that … However, there is an inconsistency with this argument. The existing accounts fail to resolve the contradiction between X and Y.

One of the limitations with this explanation is that it does not explain why… Introducingquestions, problems and limitations: method or practice One majordrawback of this approach is that … Selection bias is another potential concern because … Perhaps the most serious disadvantage of this method is that … The main limitation of biosynthetic incorporation, however, is … Non-government agencies are also very critical of the new policies.

All the studies reviewed so far, however, suffer from the fact that … Critics of laboratory-based experiments contend that such studies … Another problem with this approach is that it fails to take X into account. Difficulties arise, however, when an attempt is made to implement the policy. Critics have also argued that not only do surveys provide an inaccurate measureof X, but the … Nevertheless, the strategy has not escaped criticism from governments, agenciesand academics.

The studywould have been more interesting if it had included … These studies would have been more useful if they had focused on … The study would have been more relevant if the researchers had asked … The questionnaire would have been more useful if it had asked participants about… The research would have been more relevant if a wider range of X had beenexplored A morecomprehensive study would include all the groups of … A better study would examine a large, randomly selected sample of societieswith … A much more systematic approach would identify how X interacts with othervariables that are believed to be linked to … Highlighting inadequacies of previous studies Previousstudies of X have not dealt with … Researchers have not treated X in much detail.

Such expositions are unsatisfactory because they … Most studies in the field of X have only focused on … Such approaches, however, have failed to address … Previous published studies are limited to local surveys.

Half of the studies evaluated failed to specify whether … The research to date has tended to focus on X rather than Y. Previously published studies on the effect of X are not consistent.

However, much of the research up to now has been descriptive in nature … The generalisability of much published research on this issue is problematic. Research on the subject has been mostly restricted to limited comparisons of … However, few writers have been able to draw on any systematic research into … Short-term studies such as these do not necessarily show subtle changes overtime … Although extensive research has been carried out on X, no single study existswhich … However, these results were based upon data from over 30 years ago and it isunclear if … The experimental data are rather controversial, and there is no generalagreement about … Introducing general criticism Criticsquestion the ability of poststructuralist theory to provide … Non-government agencies are also very critical of the new policies.

The most important of these criticisms is that Smith failed to note that … The X theory has been vigorously challenged in recent years by a number ofwriters. These claims have been strongly contested in recent years by a number ofwriters.

More recent arguments against X have been summarised by Smith and Jones : Critics have also argued that not only do surveys provide an inaccurate measureof X, but the … Many analysts now argue that the strategy of X has not been successful.

Jones , for example, argues that … Introducing thecritical stance of particular writers Jones has also questioned why … However, Jones points out that … The author challenges the widely held view that … Smith takes issue with the contention that … The idea that … was first challenged by Smith Smith is critical of the tendency to compartmentalise X.

An alternative interpretation of the origins of X can be found in Smith Jones is probably the best known critic of the X theory.

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ACADEMIC PHRASEBANK 2014 PDF

A more comprehensive study would include all the groups of … A better study would examine a large, randomly selected sample of societies with … A much more systematic approach would identify how X interacts with other variables that are believed to be linked to … The main weakness with this theory is that … The key problem with this explanation is that … However, this theory does not fully explain why … One criticism of much of the literature on X is that … However, there is an inconsistency with this argument. The existing accounts fail to resolve the contradiction between X and Y. One of the limitations with this explanation is that it does not explain why… One major drawback of this approach is that … Selection bias is another potential concern because … Perhaps the most serious disadvantage of this method is that … The main limitation of biosynthetic incorporation, however, is … Non-government agencies are also very critical of the new policies. All the studies reviewed so far, however, suffer from the fact that … Critics of laboratory-based experiments contend that such studies … Another problem with this approach is that it fails to take X into account. Difficulties arise, however, when an attempt is made to implement the policy. Critics have also argued that not only do surveys provide an inaccurate measure of X, but the … Nevertheless, the strategy has not escaped criticism from governments, agencies and academics. However, this method of analysis has a number of limitations.

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Academic Phrasebank

Muran Bone is generally classified into two types: Prior studies that have noted the importance of Only a small number of respondents indicated that There are two likely causes for the differences between If the debate is to be moved forward, a better understanding of X needs to be developed. According to Smithpreventative medicine is far more cost effective, and therefore However, Smith is much more concerned with A number of techniques have been developed to … Different methods have been proposed to classify … X is the main non-invasive method used to determine This combination of findings provides some support for the conceptual premise that These results further support the idea of These data suggest that X can be achieved through A possible explanation for this might be that Despite the importance of X, there remains a paucity of evidence on … There have been no controlled studies which compare differences in To date, no large-scale studies have been performed to investigate the prevalence of …. A small sample was chosen because of the expected difficulty of obtaining Recent research has suggested that These possible sources of error could have affected … There are two likely causes for the differences between The observed increase in X could be attributed to … It is difficult to explain this result, but it might be related to The correlation between X and Y is interesting because Despite these promising results, questions remain. For example, you may think a particular study did not investigate some important aspect of the area you are researching, that the author s failed to notice a weakness in their methods, or that their conclusion is not well-supported refer to Being Critical. Another potential problem is that the scope of my thesis may be too broad. X was synthesised using the same method that was detailed for Y, using With respect to the resource itself, well, there are still many years of work yet to be done and a good deal of research yet to be carried out.

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